Africa loses up to 15% of its GDP per capita annually because of climate change

ADDIS ABABA – Africa has been losing from 5 to 15% of its GDP per capita growth because of climate change and its related impacts, but needs about $1.6 trillion between 2022 and 2030 to meet its nationally determination contributions, according to the vice preaident of the African Development Bank Group (AfDB).

Acting Chief Economist and Vice President of AfDB Kevin Urama said this while speaking at a panel discussion—titled “African Countries Ownership in Determining Climate Agenda”— on the side-lines of the Egypt International Cooperation Forum In Cairo on Wednesday.

Urama also urged developed nations to bridge the “climate financing gap.”



Several senior officials represented the bank at the event, notably its vice president for power, energy, climate and green growth, Dr Kevin Kariuki, and its vice president for private sector, infrastructure and industrialization, Mr. Solomon Quaynor.

“Collectively, African countries received only $18.3 billion in climate finance between 2016 and 2019” Urama said. “This results in a climate finance gap of up to $1288.2 billion annually from 2020 to 2030.”

“These sums reflect how the crisis is. Climate change affects Africa severely, while the continent contributes to only 3% of global emissions,” said the chief economist.

“The global community must meet its $100 billion commitment to help the developing countries and African economies to mitigate the impacts of climate change and to adapt to it.

“Investing in climate adaptation in the context of sustainable development is the best way to cope with the impacts of climate change, adding that gas must remain included in the continent’s plan for the gradual transition to clean energy.”

Urama highlighted that since the 1850s, countries have managed to transition away from coal, and used gas as a transition to cleaner energy.

He also affirmed that Africa had great potential in terms of green investment opportunities that the private sector, including banks, could tap into.

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