News: Climate-fueled La Niña in East Africa will drive millions into hunger: OXFAM

News: Climate-fueled La Niña in East Africa will drive millions into hunger: OXFAM

In August 2016, while struggling to overcome the El Niño induced drought Dire Dawa and its environs were suddenly hit by – La Niña, a weather condition that brings in the opposite impacts of El Niño in a form of flooding.

Addis Abeba, December 11/2020Over 50 million people are in need of immediate food assistance in the Horn East and Central Africa, with numbers expected to rise significantly as the region braces for harsh, climate fueled La Niña conditions, said Oxfam yesterday. The warning comes as world leaders prepare to meet for a virtual Climate Ambition Summit on Saturday 12 December.   

Starting in
mid-December, South Sudan, Somalia, Ethiopia, Kenya, Tanzania,
Rwanda, and Uganda are likely to suffer from below average rainfall as a
result of a strong La Niña, which could result in millions more people
going hungry in 2021. 

Lydia Zigomo,
Oxfam in Horn, East, and Central Africa Regional Director, said: “The
forecasted dry season will be the last straw for many, devastating their
remaining crops and cutting their lifeline of food and income.” 

The climate crisis is causing erratic
weather patterns across the world including longer and more severe
droughts across the Horn, East and Central Africa region. It is likely
to increase the frequency and strength of La Nina events. Any rainfall
that does come is likely to arrive in heavier bursts devastating crops
by flooding or washing away recently planted seeds and seedlings.

Farmers, who make up almost 80 per cent
of the region’s population, have already been hit hard by severe floods
and the biggest desert locust swarms in 70 years – both supercharged by
the climate crisis – as well as the economic fallout of COVID-19
pandemic.  

Since January, locusts have caused $8.5 billion worth of damage across the region including to nearly 100,000 hectares of cropland in Somalia, an estimated 200,000 hectares in Ethiopia and about 70,000 hectares in Kenya,  starving livestock and causing food shortages.  

The infestation in Ethiopia is feared to be the worst on record and threatens the  “meher” harvest, which contributes 80% of the country’s total harvest. According to the Food and Agricultural Organization, swarms are expected to move south in Somalia and Ethiopia, reaching northern Kenya from mid-December. A single swarm can contain up to 150 million locusts per square kilometer of farmland. 

Noor Maalim Abdi, a Kenyan farmer,
said: “We used to have three meals a day, but with the locusts and
COVID-19, not anymore.  For now, we sell our animals to sustain our
families but with the curfews and lockdown it’s not easy. Our movement
is restricted.”

Abdilaahi Wayrah,
a Somali farmer who works with Oxfam, said: “The locusts destroyed our
crops at the time we were expecting to harvest. I’ve never seen
infestations like this before, and the saddest thing was that we
couldn’t do anything about it.

“Then COVID-19 came, and because
of the lockdown, seed and pesticides prices went up. We could not afford
to buy these necessary things. We don’t have enough food at the moment,
but we’re trying to rebuild again.” 

Ethiopia, Kenya, Uganda,
Rwanda, South Sudan and Tanzania were responsible for less than 0.2% of
the global carbon emissions between 1990-2015 . The top 10 most
polluting countries, including US, China and Japan were responsible
for 500 times more carbon emissions in the same period. 

Zigomo added: “The incredible
resilience of the most vulnerable people across the Horn, East, and
Central Africa is being tested to breaking point by a combination of
disasters that are not of their making.

“Urgent action is needed to provide the assistance desperately needed by millions of hungry people.  

“World leaders must also commit to more
ambitious cuts in carbon emissions to prevent an even more catastrophic
rise in global temperatures. Rich polluting industrial nations need
to provide more climate finance to help poor communities- and
particularly farming communities – adapt to a changing climate. They
should also support vulnerable countries with new sources of
international finance for loss and damage caused by more extreme and
erratic weather.” 

Oxfam and its partners are supporting more than 897,000 people in Ethiopia, Uganda, South Sudan,Somalia, and Tanzania with food, clean water, sanitation, cash assistance and seeds. Oxfam has also reached 3.5 million people in September and 2.6 million in October with COVID-related support. Dispatch   

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